Implementing health impact assessment (HIA) is a vital tool for public health. The process allows decision-makers to identify vulnerable groups and distribute health impacts evenly among the population. The ultimate goal is to reduce inequities in health. It can be used for a wide range of policies, programs, and projects. The methodology includes a variety of different types of evidence and involves community stakeholders. This brief overview of HIA’s key elements may help you decide whether it is the right tool for your project.
Health impact assessment can be used for a variety of applications. The key objective of an HIA is to determine whether a proposed policy or project could have a substantial or minimal impact on health. It should consider the core elements of the proposed project or policy. It should also involve a variety of stakeholders, including local communities affected by the proposed project. The HIA team will conduct a community consultation and include key informants with expertise in the development, service delivery, and prevention.
In the United States, health impact assessment is widely used in the United States, Canada, and Europe. The practice of HIA is developing in other countries, including the United States, Australia, New Zealand, and Europe. Efforts are being made to advance its use in these countries. The basic steps of HIA are the same in all regions. The process is different, however, in terms of scale and scope, but the main components are the same.
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